The Thinking of Speaking
Issue #4 July / August 2013
Credits

Letter From the Editor
Writer: Erik Zidowecki
Images:
Petey: Pictish stone
The Phaistos Disc - Puzzle of Crete
Writer: Lucille Martin
Images:
Jerzy Strzelecki: View of Paistos, Crete (title)
Olaf Tausch: Stairs in ruins of palace
Bibi Saint-Po: Map of Minoan Crete
Aserakov: Phaistos Disk. Side A. Heraklion Archaeological Museum. Greece
Helix84: Large image of the replica of Phaistos disk
Kramer96: Messara plain in South crete
Petey: Goosy Goosy Gander Game
Sources:
• "Phaistos Disk" World Mysteries <http://www.world-mysteries.com/sar_9.htm>
• "Phaistos Disc" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaistos_Disc>
• "Phaistos Disc" Crystalinks.com <http://www.crystalinks.com/phaistosdisc.html>
• "The Phaistos Disk" cs.rochester.edu <http://www.cs.rochester.edu/~nelson/courses/cryptology/phaistos_disk/phaistos_disk.html>
• "Phaistos" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaistos>
• "Phaistos Disc decipherment claims" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phaistos_Disc_decipherment_claims>
• "Information about the Efforts to Decipher the Phaistos Disk" Anthony P. Svoronos Home Page <http://users.otenet.gr/~svoronan/phaistos.htm>
• "Game of the Goose" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Game_of_the_Goose>
Otto Jespersen - Progress of Language
Writer: Sofia Ozols
Images:
Jim G: Copenhagen, Denmark (title)
Mik Hartwell: Copenhagen University Main Building
x-Flare-x: Novial Flag
Petey: Otto Jespersen; Paul Passy; Esperanto Flag; Ido Flag; Excerpt from book
Sources:
• "IPA" Oxford Bibliographies <http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199772810/obo-9780199772810-0022.xml>
• "Otto Jespersen" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_Jespersen>
• "OTTO JESPERSEN" Denmark.df <http://denmark.dk/en/meet-the-danes/great-danes/scientists/otto-jespersen/>
• "Otto Jespersen (1860-1943)" ELT Archive <http://eltarchive.com/19th-century-mfl-innovators-and-reformers/otto-jespersen-1860-1943/>
• "Otto Jespersen" Niels Haislund <http://interlanguages.net/haislund.html>
• "Otto Jespersen" Encyclopedia Britannica <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/302975/Otto-Jespersen>
At The Cinema - Kukushka - The Cuckoo
Writer: Erik Zidowecki
Sources:
• "Kukushka" Internet Movie Database <http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0308476/>
• "The Cuckoo (film)" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Cuckoo_%28film%29>
All images are copyright CTB Film Company [ru], Sony Classics, Sony Pictures Classics
Celebrations - Carnival
Writer: Sonja Krüger
Images:
Team at Carnaval.com Studios: Samba Dancer; Samaba dancers dressed in colourful costumes at night
Antônio Cruz/ABr: Giant heads at Carnaval do Olinda, Pernambuco, Brazil
Scarantino: Masks at Carnival of Venice
Jesmar: The King and Queen of carnival of Nice
acedout: New Orleans Mardi Gras
Marie-Claire: Binche, Gilles wearing their masks.
Petey: Carnaval of Nantes (title); Carnival scene painting
Sources:
• "Carnival" About.com <http://geography.about.com/od/culturalgeography/a/Carnival.htm>
• "Brazilian Carnival" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brazilian_Carnival>
• "Carnival Origins" Michael La Rose <http://www.carnivalineducation.com/node/29>
• "The Top 15 Carnivals Around The World" Krew Central <https://sites.google.com/site/krewecentral/carnival-celebrations/the-top-15-carnivals-around-the-world>
• "Carnival of Venice" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnival_of_Venice>
• "Venice Carnival" Study English Today <http://www.studyenglishtoday.net/venice-carnival.html>
• "Paris Carnival" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_Carnival>
• "Mardi Gras" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mardi_Gras>
• "New Orleans Mardi Gras" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Orleans_Mardi_Gras>
• "Mardi Gras in the United States" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mardi_Gras_in_the_United_States>
• "Carnival" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnival>
• "Nice Carnival" About.com <http://gofrance.about.com/od/provence/a/Nice-Carnival.htm>
• "Carnival of Binche" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnival_of_Binche>
Languages in Peril - The Salish Tragedy
Writer: Lucille Martin
Images:
Mimigu: Fraser River Panorama (title)
Ish ishwar: Salishan languages map
M. Lounsbery: View looking east on the Fraser River
Petey: Salish men on Flathead Reservation, Montana, 1903; Stó:lō woman with a cedar basket; Sḵwx̱wú7mesh longhouses; Stó:lō people fishing with traditional dipnets on the Fraser River; Nuxálk People gathered around an eulichan stink box, near the Bella Coola River
Sources:
• "District of Matsqui" Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/District_of_Matsqui>
• "Musqueam Indian Band" Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musqueam_Indian_Band>
• "Vancouver Island" Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vancouver_Island>
• "First Nations" Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Nations>
• "Salishan languages" Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salishan_languages>
• "Halkomelem language" Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halkomelem_language>
• "Halkomelem Language" Native languages.org <http://www.native-languages.org/halkomelem.htm>
• "The Halkomelem Language" Yinka Déné Language Institute <http://www.ydli.org/langs/halkomelem.htm>
• "Halkomelem Language" languagegeek.com <http://www.languagegeek.com/salishan/halkomelem.html>
• "Hul’q’umi’num’ / Halq'eméylem / hən̓q̓əmin̓əm" First Peoples' Language Map of B.C. <http://maps.fphlcc.ca/halkomelem>
• "Squamish language" Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squamish_language>
• "Squamish culture" Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squamish_culture>
• "Nuxálk language" Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nux%C3%A1lk_language>
• "Nuxalk Nation" From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nux%C3%A1lk_Nation>
• "Nuxalk (Bella Coola)" The Canadian Encyclopedia <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/nuxalk-bella-coola>
• "British Columbia Indian Language Project fonds" The British Columbia Archival Information Network <http://memorybc.ca/british-columbia-indian-language-project-fonds;rad>
Word on the Streets - Kannada Writers
Writer: Sofia Ozols
Images:
Daniel Hauptstein: Pilgrims washing on temple ruins, Hampi
Sources:
• "B. M. Srikantaiah" Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B._M._Srikantaiah>
• "SRIKANTAIAH B.M., 1884-1946" Classical Kannada <http://www.classicalkannada.org/DataBase/KannwordHTMLS/CLASSICAL%20KANNADA%20SCHOLARS%20HTML/SRIKANTAIAH%20B.M..htm>
• "B.M.Sri., the leading light of Kannada Renaissance" Karnataka History <http://karnatakahistory.blogspot.com/2012/04/leading-light-of-kannada-renaissance.html>
• "A. R. Krishnashastry" Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A._R._Krishnashastry>
• "Amma's Column - Prof. A.R. Krishnasastry (1890-1968)" Kamat's Potpourri <http://www.kamat.com/jyotsna/blog/a_r_krishnasastry.htm>
• "Gopalakrishna Adiga" Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gopalakrishna_Adiga>
• "Gopalakrishna Adiga - The Poet of Karnataka" Karnataka Spider <http://www.karnatakaspider.com/resources/3207-Gopalakrishna-Adiga-The-Poet-Karnataka.aspx>
Where Are You?
Writer: Sonja Krüger
Revisited - Stories In The Names Of Places
Writer: Elizabeth O'Neill
Images:
idobi: View from Fierza dam in northern Albania
NotFromUtrecht: The River Avon in Bristol
Petey: Tirana Albania pano (title); The Tiber river in Rome; View of Pompey's Pillar with Alexandria in the background; Tower bridge, London; Wallingford castle ruins; Rome, a view of the river Tiber looking south
Sources:
• "Stories In The Names Of Places" Stories That Words Tell Us Elizabeth O'Neill, M.A. London: T. C. & E. C. Jack, Ltd. 35 Paternoster Row, E.C. And Edinburgh 1918
New Souls
Writer: Hidson Guimarães
Images:
Petey: Sunset
Language Learning Methods - Software
Writer: Erik Zidowecki
Images:
ruiwen: Software Freedom Day Singapore 09 (title)
slgckgc: Rosetta Stone
Stéphane M. Grueso: Woman at computer
Kevin Krejci: Phone with software
Nemhas Ekka: Kurukh Sp(Kurukh Speaking Practice)
Damien Elmes: Screenshot of Anki
© BrokenSphere / Wikimedia Commons: Rosetta Stone booth
Petey: Flashcards with students in Dhi Qar province, Iraq
Sections - Parleremo YouTube
Writer: Erik Zidowecki

All images are Copyright - CC BY-SA (Creative Commons Share Alike) by their respective owners, except for Petey, which is Public Domain (PD) or unless otherwise noted.


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