The Thinking of Speaking
Issue #26 March / April 2017
Where Are You?
by Erik Zidowecki
March / April 2017 | 

This is the seventh largest city in its country and one of the main cultural centres. Once the capital of the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia, it was named in honor of the King's eldest son. It was the capital for other ruling groups for the next few centuries until it became part of the Soviet Union after WWII.

Historically, the area was settled by the 5th century and the city was founded in the 13th century. It was invaded by the Tatars soon afterward, and most of it, castle and town were destroyed, but the King's son, who bore the city's name, rebuilt it after his father died.

The city was conquered in 1340 by the Polish and the old castle was burned down. Then the land was ravaged by the Lithuanians around 1351, leaving only the old Church, which had been first built on a cemetery. The Polish king had a new city center built, surrounded it with walls, and replaced the wooden palace with a stone castle.

In 1412 the city became the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese, and it was granted with staple rights later, which resulted in it becoming one of the major trading centres on the merchant routes. Nearly a century later, the city became a significant centre for Eastern Orthodoxy with the establishment of an Orthodox brotherhood. During the 17th century, various armies include Russians, Cossacks, Hungarian, and Turks attacked the city. In 1658, Pope Alexander VII recognized the city for its key role in defending against a Europe Muslim invasion.

Today, the historical heart of the city is home to old buildings and cobblestone streets and is one of the UNESCO Word Heritage sites. But the city also has many industries and institutions of higher education and world-class cultural institutions, including a philharmonic orchestra and theatre.

Can you name this city and country?

Last month's answer: Edinburgh, Scotland

Where Are You?
Writer: Erik Zidowecki
Petey: Mystery image

All images are Copyright - CC BY-SA (Creative Commons Share Alike) by their respective owners, except for Petey, which is Public Domain (PD) or unless otherwise noted.


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