Many of the great works of the Renaissance period were produced as commissions, paid for by others. We like to think that artists create for the sake of creating, but that is usually not the case. Even if it starts that way, they will eventually need to be paid for what they make in order to survive.
The funds for their work often came from sponsors, or "patrons". These were men and women, individuals and families, religious and secular groups, and even civic bodies and rulers. Without these patrons, so much of the art and architecture we now enjoy would never have been possible.
The term "patron" comes from the Old French word "patron" meaning "a lord-master, a protector". It comes even more directly from the Medieval Latin "patronus", meaning "bestower of a benefice; lord; master". A more modern day definition could be "a person or group who gives financial aid or other support to a person, organization, cause, or activity".
One of the most visible examples of patronage is in religious works from the Renaissance era. The Roman Catholic Church and Protestant groups both sponsored religious art and architecture, as seen in their churches and cathedrals, in the forms of paintings and sculptures, to promote their teachings.
But it wasn't all paintings and pillars. Over the centuries, artists across a diversity of fields have enjoyed the generosity of their patrons. Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and William Shakespeare are among the best known and celebrated. It also pertained to music, with figures like Mozart and Beethoven also benefiting from this system to a certain degree, before the European culture moved away from individual patronage and more into that of mass corporation sponsorship of the modern day.
That isn't to say the idea of being a patron is gone. We still use the expression "patron of the arts" in English to speak about someone who donates to a highly skilled craft or presentation.
The idea has been reborn in one way with the website "Patreon". There is a large variety of projects and products which need or would like financial support from modern day patrons. The content ranges from videos & film to comics to games to dance.
Now, Parrot Time has been added to that eclectic collection.
Becoming a Patron
The idea is surprisingly simple. Creators post about their works and people can help support their endeavours by donating a certain amount of money on a regular basis. Rather than getting a specific product for yourself, however, you are making it possible for the producers to continue their work.
The creator may form different levels, based upon preset amounts, for which a donator might get a "reward" of some kind. This could be anything from a "thank you" to access to anything they post on the Patreon page to physical rewards, such as copies of the product.
There may also be specific amounts of money that designate specific "goals", like if that amount is reached, then a website may no longer post advertisements, have money for an upgrade in technology, or be able to pay for liability insurance (I hate to ask about that one).
Payments are made either monthly or on a "by product" basis. The first option is for anything that is simply ongoing, like a website teaching languages. The second option is for a specific item being produced on a regular basis, like a podcast, comic, or magazine.
I See Where This is Going
If you have read this far, then you have probably figured out that we, the creators of Parrot Time, are looking for support from you, the readership. Producing the magazine requires many hours of writing and formatting, and no one doing it is currently compensated in any way except with a "thank you". With funding from people who already appreciate the magazine, we can work towards improving it.
The web version does have a few commercial ads, in the form of targeted ads from Google and affiliate links, but they simply don't even cover the basic operating costs.
This is why we are now turning to Patreon, in the hopes that you, our regular readers or those who recently found our publication and would like to see it continue, might be willing to aid us. Your contribution helps to cover the cost of writing and formatting on dual platforms as well as allowing us to bring more and varied content to you in the future.
While we are not producing a great work like Michaelangelo's David or Mozart's La clemenza di Tito, but we do feel we are producing something of worth for a larger community which benefits everyone.
Asking for people to donate to work or a product online, called "crowdfunding", has become popular in recent years. Sites like Kickstarter and Indiegogo are teeming with creative products requesting hundreds, sometimes thousands, of dollars to make an idea into a reality. Their campaigns run for a very limited time, and even if the target amount requested is reached, there is no guarantee that the promised project will ever become tangible.
Patreon is aimed at projects that are always in production and (hopefully) will continue to be. Rather than requesting a huge amount at one time, the patron process only asks for small donations per issue, to maintain a continued existence.
So What Do I Have To Do?
To become a patron of Parrot Time, you only need to create a Patreon account (it is completely free), fill in your billing information, and visit our Patreon page. There, you can select what level / amount you want to donate per issue.
We offer five levels of patronage, though you are, of course, allowed to give whatever amount you want. The levels, by title and amount, are Patron ($1), Benefactor ($2), Champion ($3), Philanthropist ($5), and Angel ($10+).
What you pledge here is charged from you automatically each time we release an issue of Parrot Time, which is six times a year. Doing the math, that means you would be donating $6, $12, $18, $30, or $60+ a year, corresponding to the levels. Those rates are comparable to what you might be paying for a regular subscription magazine, but here, your donation is your choice, and you can cancel at anytime.
Why the Titles?
Glad you asked! We are already providing Parrot Time at no charge, so to show our appreciation for your donation, your name and contribution level will appear in the magazine's "Supporters" section. This will appear in both the online and PDF versions of the magazine, and your name will remain there as long as you are a patron.
Whether you choose to donate financially or not, we hope to continue bringing languages, linguistics, and culture to you with every issue. You are welcome to contribute to us with an article on any of those topics as well. We encourage you to share Parrot Time with your friends, as always, because you are the reason we write.
|Parrot Time on Patreon|
All images are Copyright - CC BY-SA (Creative Commons Share Alike) by their respective owners, except for Petey, which is Public Domain (PD) or unless otherwise noted.
|Letter From The Editor - No Politics|
|Make Your Own Language Group|
|A History of Research in Study Abroad|
|Parrot Time on Patreon|
|Languages in Peril - Sayonara, Ainu|
|At the Cinema - La Coppia dei Campioni|
|Where Are You?|
|Book Look - The Bible of the Language Learners and Polyglots|
|Basic Guide to Romanian|
|At A Glance|
Find previous issues in the archives.
Letter From The Editor - Nom de Plume • News Brief • Mark Your Calendar • Language Learning In The Globalization Era: - Translation, Culture And Power Relations • When Pigs Fly • Introducing Words R Us • Languages in Peril - The Good Language of Brazil • In Focus • At the Cinema - Un Sac de Billes • Language Puzzles • Where Are You? • Book Look - Aikainen lintu nappaa madon. Sananlaskuja läheltä ja kaukaa • Basic Guide to Croatian • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - No Politics • Make Your Own Language Group • A History of Research in Study Abroad • Parrot Time on Patreon • Languages in Peril - Sayonara, Ainu • At the Cinema - La Coppia dei Campioni • Where Are You? • Book Look - The Bible of the Language Learners and Polyglots • Basic Guide to Romanian • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - Hope and Failing • Six Ways To Choose Which Languages To Learn • Learning Spanish - The trials, the tribulations and one triumphant learning hack • At the Cinema - The Last King (Birkebeinerne) • Celebrations - Birkebeinerrennet • Where Are You? • Book Look - Langenscheidt Dictionaries • Basic Guide to Swedish • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - Culture and Language, Again • Learning A Language Is Learning Its Culture • Revisited - Early Bardic Literature in Ireland • Languages in Peril - Save Medan Hokkien! • In Others' Words - Ulrike and Peter Rettig • At the Cinema - Monster Hunt • Where Are You? • Book Look - Language Alter Ego • Basic Guide to Italian • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - A Kind Word • Language and Power: The Hidden Struggle • 4 Ways To Learn Through Reading • Language Learning is for everyone! • Languages in Peril - The Decline of Sicilian • At the Cinema - The Host • Where Are You? • Book Look - Italian Short Stories for Beginners • Basic Guide to Hungarian • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - Making it Happen • Motivation - Expressing oneself and the expression of oneself in language learning • Motivation Killers in Learning a Language • Mixing Languages and Relationships • In Others' Words - Brian Powers • At the Cinema - Cutting Room Floor • Languages in Peril - Cyprus' Language Revival Approach Problem • Where Are You? • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - The Importance of Travel • Broadening The Mind Travels The World • The Secret Life of Diacritics • There Are No Wrong And Right Gestures, Only Cultural Differences • Google Translate Exposed: - The Truth Behind Everyone's Favorite Translator • At the Cinema - Queen • Book Look - The A to Z of Learning German • Where Are You? • Basic Guide to Papiamentu • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - Free Things • The Cost of Free Language Resources • Review of Polyglot Workshops: Brazil • Easier Way to Learn Languages Fast • Dream, decide, do - tips from a polyglot • At the Cinema - Cambio de Ruta • Languages in Peril - Talysh • Where Are You? • App Rev - Tandem • Book Look - Language Master Key • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - Studying in Summer • Polyglot Events All Around The World - You Are Not Alone • Playing Games with Language • Spanish E-training – The 'Big Bang' Investment • Can a Language Die? • At the Cinema - La Casa del Fin de los Tiempos • Languages in Peril - Scottish Gaelic • Words in Your Mouth - Apple • Celebrations - Nag Panchami • Where Are You? • Book Look - Fluency Made Achievable: The Fluent Guide to Core Language Skills • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - Sounds Like • How Do You Say It? - A look at sound notation systems • Of Pidgins and Creoles - A look at how some languages are born • Who Are You To Learn A Language? • At the Cinema - Dil Chahta Hai • Languages in Peril - Yumans on the Edge • Words in Your Mouth - Egg • Where Are You? • Book Look
Letter From The Editor - Breaking with Tradition • Are You Wasting Your Money on Language Classes? • Chatting in Languages Online - Part 2: Voice Chats • Why English Is Different Than Any Other Language • The Digital Language Collective • At the Cinema - Viva La Libertà • Languages in Peril - The Tribes of the Tamil-Kannada • Words in Your Mouth - Rice • Where Are You? • Book Look
Letter From The Editor - Thirteen • Chatting in Languages Online - Part 1: Text Chats • Why Do People Learn Languages? • The Question Of Practice - An International Language Is Possible • At the Cinema - Chinese Puzzle • Celebrations - Fastelavn • Words in Your Mouth - Cheese • Where Are You? • Book Look
Letter From The Editor - Over Time • Which Language Is...? • The Ultimate Fate of Language Learning • 5 Funny Words In Afrikaans From My Perspective • At the Cinema - Everybody's Famous! • Word on the Streets - Why Writers are Important • Words in Your Mouth - Milk • Where Are You? • Book Look
Letter From The Editor - World Ambassadors • Coming Home to Faroese - The Why and How of Learning a Small Language • Danish and Faroese: A Biography • At the Cinema - Ludo • Basic Guide to Faroese • Celebrations - The Faroese Festival Summer • Revisted - The Faroe Islands • Word on the Streets - Famous Faroe Islanders • Where Are You? • The Grind: Why the Faroese Hunt Whales • The Legend of the Scottish Princess • Faroese Ballads - Nornagest Ríma and Ormurin Langi
Letter From The Editor - Expansion • Religion in Culture • Languages in Peril - Decline of the Gallo-Italics • Language Learning and Translation • Word on the Streets - Italian Greats • Book Look • At the Cinema - Xingu • Celebrations - Hangul Day • Where Are You? • Words in Your Mouth - Bread
Letter From The Editor - Tracing Words • Constructed Languages - Making It All Up • Language Conflicts - Flemish vs. Walloon • Rohonc Codex - Hungarian Enigma • At the Cinema - Il Comandante e la Cicogna - Garibaldi's Lovers • Where Are You? • Words in Your Mouth - Sausage • Book Look • GlobTech - Using Locale
Letter From The Editor - Globalization • Speaking with Aliens • Celebrations - Esala Perahera - The Festival of the Tooth • Language Conflicts - Bokmål vs. Nynorsk • At the Cinema - Pane e Tulipani - Bread and Tulips • Revisited - Words Which Have Changed Their Meaning • Languages in Peril - Keeping Up With The Kartvelians • Where Are You? • Sections - Reviews • Word on the Streets - Indonesian Innovators • GlobTech - Google Translate Section
Letter From The Editor - The Highlander Condition • When Languages Meet • At the Cinema - Mal Día Para Pescar - Bad Day to Go Fishing • Celebrations - Tanabata - The Star Festival • Languages in Peril - The Romanian Relatives • Revisited - Words Made By Great Writers • Where Are You? • Language Learning Methods - Immersion • Sections - Links
Letter From The Editor - Price of Fame • Liber Linteus - Mummified Language • Pencak Silat • At the Cinema - Bombay • Celebrations - Inti Raymi - Festival of the Sun • Cracking the Code • Languages in Peril - The Chibchan Family • Revisited - Words From The Names Of Animals • Word on the Streets - Great German Authors • Where Are You? • Language Learning Methods - Internet • Sections - Neighborhood
Letter From The Editor - Why Polynesian? • Rongorongo - Island Chants • Otto Dempwolff - Islands of Language • At the Cinema - Whale Rider • Celebrations - Pasifika Festival • Special Feature - Avoiuli • Languages in Peril - The Island Invasion • Revisited - Legends of Maui - Maui's Home • Word on the Streets - Malay Masters • Where Are You? • Revisited - Legends of Maui - Maui Snaring the Sun
Letter From The Editor - Linguist or Polyglot • The Phaistos Disc - Puzzle of Crete • Otto Jespersen - Progress of Language • At the Cinema - Kukushka - The Cuckoo • Celebrations - Carnival • Languages in Peril - The Salish Tragedy • Word on the Streets - Kannada Writers • Where Are You? • Revisited - Stories In The Names Of Places • New Souls • Language Learning Methods - Software • Sections - Parleremo YouTube
Letter From The Editor - Freaking Out • The Voynich Script - Cryptic Codex • Benjamin Whorf - Relativity of Language • At the Cinema - Lost in Translation • Languages in Peril - The Polish Connection • Word on the Streets - Romanian Poets • Where Are You? • Celebrations - Holi • A Language Dream • Revisited - Words From National Character • Language Learning Methods - Classes • Sections - Language Exchange
Letter From The Editor - Truth in Advertising • Linear A & Linear B - Lost Minoan • Edward Sapir - Patterns of Language • At the Cinema - Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner • Word on the Streets - Norwegian Notables • Where Are You? • Celebrations - Valentine's Day • Languages in Peril - The Rhaeto-Romance Trio • Revisited - Proverbs • Linguistics Love Song • Language Learning Methods - Books • Sections - Recordings
Letter From The Editor - A New Parrot Time • The Rosetta Stone - Triple Cypher • Ferdinand de Saussure - Signs of Language • At the Cinema - L'auberge Espagnole • Languages in Peril - The Finno-Ugrics • Word on the Streets - The Russian Zone • Where Are You? • Celebrations - Day of the Dead • Revisited - Slang • We Are The Linguists • Language Learning Methods - Audio • Sections - Journals
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