The Thinking of Speaking
Issue #19 January / February 2016
Where Are You?
by Sonja Krüger
January / February 2016 | 

With a population of over 2 million, this city is the third most populous and one of the oldest in its country. It was named after the river it sits on, which was itself named after a Scottish governor, and was founded upon the ancient homelands of two indigenous people.

European explorers reached a bay area of the region in 1799, and named that after the red-coloured cliffs which could be seen from the bay. Twenty-four years later, that Scottish governor instructed that the area be developed into a penal colony settlement, where criminals could be sent, away from society. Further exploration of the bay area was also begun.

As new territory was discovered, the penal colony was moved further north in 1825, and the bay area became open for settlement in 1842. A city grew there, but was plagued by conflicts with the native people for many years. Fire and floods also slowed its development, but it was finally named a capital for a new colony in 1859. It was an important position during World War II for the allies and served as a headquarters for General Douglas MacArthur.

In modern day, it is well known for its distinct architecture, which has managed to survive despite many major floods, the worst being in 1974 and 2011. Popular with the tourists, it has hosted many large cultural, international, and sporting events, including the 1982 Commonwealth Games and the World Expo of 1988.

Can you name this city and country?

Last month's answer: Prague, Czech Republic


 
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Where Are You?
Writer: Sonja Krüger
Images:
Petey: Mystery image

All images are Copyright - CC BY-SA (Creative Commons Share Alike) by their respective owners, except for Petey, which is Public Domain (PD) or unless otherwise noted.

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