Sections is a regular column about different parts of Paleremo, explaining their purpose and how to use them.
No matter how much grammar or vocabulary a person learns, the real test of a person's ability in a language comes when they have to be able to create their own writings. If they do this on their own, there is no real way to tell if they got everything correct. This is where many language learning methods like listening to audio, using software and book study fail while working online with other learners can really shine.
Two major ways in which people can practice writing with others over the internet is using a chat system or a forum. The chat may be through a web page or using a chat client and connecting to the IRC (Internet Relay Chat). A forum is where people can post a topic and have others respond to it, then others respond to those responses. Both of these are good methods, but also have their own drawbacks for the learner.
A chat is in real time, so a person has to respond quickly. This can be very intimidating for a beginner. Also, using a chat is by its very nature aimed at short statements in a conversation. It doesn't really give the person a chance to write about things they might be interested in.
Using a forum take more time, so beginners can spend more time writing. However, the same restriction is subtly placed on the content. It's a discussion environment, so it could be harder for a person to write something that isn't in the form of starting a topic to talk about, and if people aren't interested in the topic, they won't respond.
A better solution is one in which a person has the time to write about anything they want and get specific comments and tips from other speakers. This is a direct feedback on how they did and they have plenty of time to reflect on what they are told. A popular site online utilizes this method of learning: lang-8 (http://www.lang-8.com). Users select a native language and target language of interest. They can write about anything they want in a journal entry in their target language and native speakers will review it, making corrections and leaving comments.
Parleremo has its own version of this in the Journals section. Any member can instantly write their own journals. They select a language that it will be written in, give it a title, then write as much as they want on whatever they want. Once they are done, they select whether people can leave comments and corrections or not. Each correction has a place for a comment, but there is a separate comment section for an overall comment. This way, a person can choose what level of feedback they want. They can even turn off all comments and corrections, turning their journal into a blog.
Once they have selected the level of feedback allowed, they can then restrict who can read it. It can be open to anyone on the internet to read, but non-members won't be able to leave comments or corrections. They can set it so that just members can see it, thus keeping it "in the community". They can also restrict it so that just their "buddies" can read it. Lastly, if they are still hesitant to share what they write, they can even keep it private.
Finally, they can add some words that will act as tags for people searching the journals. When a person does a search, these tags help identify what the journal entry is about.
The editor for the entry is not the normal text form that is common on most online forms and forums. It is a Rich Text editor, also called a WYSIWYG ("What You See Is What You Get"), which means it's more like a word processor you might use on your computer. You can change font size, colour and type, add bold, underline, italics, and several other formatting commands and the text will look just as it will when it's posted. The user can even insert web links and images, which really appeals to members using it as a blog.
Once the entry has been posted, anyone with permission to view it can do so by selecting it from a list. The first part is the entry itself. Here, they can read it as well as giving it an overall rating (1 - 5 stars). For those cases in which the entry is being used as a blog, there is also a translation button which utilizes the Google Translate system to convert the text into the readers language (as selected by them on the site). There are also some social networking buttons so people can share the entry with others on places like Facebook, Twitter, and more. An RSS feed is also available.
After the entry will be the list of comments and corrections (if they are allowed by the entry) from other users. It shows the commenter's avatar and name, date of their post, the corrections they made, and any comments associated with each correction. Each correction also has a "like" button, in the form of a "thumbs up" icon so that other people can agree with the correction. This can help people see what corrections the most people agreed with. If the correction or comment is rude or abusive, a reader can also report it to an administrator to look at.
Next is the actual area in which a person can make corrections and add comments. Each sentence from the entry is separated out and given its own place. If the reader finds a problem with it, then can choose to correct it. A space will then open under it giving them the text in another Rich Text box so they can add, delete, colour, or whatever else they feel will help show what is incorrect and how to fix it. If they don't think that is enough of an explanation, they can add a further comment under the correction. Any previous corrections are also with the text, so people are not likely to make the same corrections to a part of the text.
At the very bottom is a singular box for the overall comment on the entry (again, if the original author set it to be allowed). The reader then submits all their corrections and comments.
Each member has a place where all their journal entries, if they have made any, are listed. These sections also tell how many were added in all, in the past week and in the past month. Journals can be listed by date written, number of views, ratings, and language. These options appear on the side of the main journal area. There is also a list of tags that have been used and how many times, so entries can be listed by those. If a user is looking for text by content, there is a search function for that as well.
Finally, there is a statistics area so an overview of all the journals can be seen. Here, all the languages that journal entries have been written are listed along with how many of each. Other statistics include the total number of comments, corrections, the average rating, and who made the most entries, comments and corrections.
For those that don't know what to write about, there is a page of possible topics to choose from. These are of course just suggestions to help give the user ideas. With over two hundred topics, the poster should be able to find something to write about.
All of this has been designed to help learners get feedback from other members on their writing skills. We hope you find the system valuable in your own language development.
|Sections - Journals|
All images are Copyright - CC BY-SA (Creative Commons Share Alike) by their respective owners, except for Petey, which is Public Domain (PD) or unless otherwise noted.
|Letter From The Editor - A New Parrot Time|
|The Rosetta Stone - Triple Cypher|
|Ferdinand de Saussure - Signs of Language|
|At the Cinema - L'auberge Espagnole|
|Languages in Peril - The Finno-Ugrics|
|Word on the Streets - The Russian Zone|
|Where Are You?|
|Celebrations - Day of the Dead|
|Revisited - Slang|
|We Are The Linguists|
|Language Learning Methods - Audio|
|Sections - Journals|
Find previous issues in the archives.
Letter From The Editor - No Politics • Make Your Own Language Group • A History of Research in Study Abroad • Parrot Time on Patreon • Languages in Peril - Sayonara, Ainu • At the Cinema - La Coppia dei Campioni • Where Are You? • Book Look - The Bible of the Language Learners and Polyglots • Basic Guide to Romanian • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - Hope and Failing • Six Ways To Choose Which Languages To Learn • Learning Spanish - The trials, the tribulations and one triumphant learning hack • At the Cinema - The Last King (Birkebeinerne) • Celebrations - Birkebeinerrennet • Where Are You? • Book Look - Langenscheidt Dictionaries • Basic Guide to Swedish • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - Culture and Language, Again • Learning A Language Is Learning Its Culture • Revisited - Early Bardic Literature in Ireland • Languages in Peril - Save Medan Hokkien! • In Others' Words - Ulrike and Peter Rettig • At the Cinema - Monster Hunt • Where Are You? • Book Look - Language Alter Ego • Basic Guide to Italian • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - A Kind Word • Language and Power: The Hidden Struggle • 4 Ways To Learn Through Reading • Language Learning is for everyone! • Languages in Peril - The Decline of Sicilian • At the Cinema - The Host • Where Are You? • Book Look - Italian Short Stories for Beginners • Basic Guide to Hungarian • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - Making it Happen • Motivation - Expressing oneself and the expression of oneself in language learning • Motivation Killers in Learning a Language • Mixing Languages and Relationships • In Others' Words - Brian Powers • At the Cinema - Cutting Room Floor • Languages in Peril - Cyprus' Language Revival Approach Problem • Where Are You? • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - The Importance of Travel • Broadening The Mind Travels The World • The Secret Life of Diacritics • There Are No Wrong And Right Gestures, Only Cultural Differences • Google Translate Exposed: - The Truth Behind Everyone's Favorite Translator • At the Cinema - Queen • Book Look - The A to Z of Learning German • Where Are You? • Basic Guide to Papiamentu • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - Free Things • The Cost of Free Language Resources • Review of Polyglot Workshops: Brazil • Easier Way to Learn Languages Fast • Dream, decide, do - tips from a polyglot • At the Cinema - Cambio de Ruta • Languages in Peril - Talysh • Where Are You? • App Rev - Tandem • Book Look - Language Master Key • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - Studying in Summer • Polyglot Events All Around The World - You Are Not Alone • Playing Games with Language • Spanish E-training – The 'Big Bang' Investment • Can a Language Die? • At the Cinema - La Casa del Fin de los Tiempos • Languages in Peril - Scottish Gaelic • Words in Your Mouth - Apple • Celebrations - Nag Panchami • Where Are You? • Book Look - Fluency Made Achievable: The Fluent Guide to Core Language Skills • At A Glance
Letter From The Editor - Sounds Like • How Do You Say It? - A look at sound notation systems • Of Pidgins and Creoles - A look at how some languages are born • Who Are You To Learn A Language? • At the Cinema - Dil Chahta Hai • Languages in Peril - Yumans on the Edge • Words in Your Mouth - Egg • Where Are You? • Book Look
Letter From The Editor - Breaking with Tradition • Are You Wasting Your Money on Language Classes? • Chatting in Languages Online - Part 2: Voice Chats • Why English Is Different Than Any Other Language • The Digital Language Collective • At the Cinema - Viva La Libertà • Languages in Peril - The Tribes of the Tamil-Kannada • Words in Your Mouth - Rice • Where Are You? • Book Look
Letter From The Editor - Thirteen • Chatting in Languages Online - Part 1: Text Chats • Why Do People Learn Languages? • The Question Of Practice - An International Language Is Possible • At the Cinema - Chinese Puzzle • Celebrations - Fastelavn • Words in Your Mouth - Cheese • Where Are You? • Book Look
Letter From The Editor - Over Time • Which Language Is...? • The Ultimate Fate of Language Learning • 5 Funny Words In Afrikaans From My Perspective • At the Cinema - Everybody's Famous! • Word on the Streets - Why Writers are Important • Words in Your Mouth - Milk • Where Are You? • Book Look
Letter From The Editor - World Ambassadors • Coming Home to Faroese - The Why and How of Learning a Small Language • Danish and Faroese: A Biography • At the Cinema - Ludo • Basic Guide to Faroese • Celebrations - The Faroese Festival Summer • Revisted - The Faroe Islands • Word on the Streets - Famous Faroe Islanders • Where Are You? • The Grind: Why the Faroese Hunt Whales • The Legend of the Scottish Princess • Faroese Ballads - Nornagest Ríma and Ormurin Langi
Letter From The Editor - Expansion • Religion in Culture • Languages in Peril - Decline of the Gallo-Italics • Language Learning and Translation • Word on the Streets - Italian Greats • Book Look • At the Cinema - Xingu • Celebrations - Hangul Day • Where Are You? • Words in Your Mouth - Bread
Letter From The Editor - Tracing Words • Constructed Languages - Making It All Up • Language Conflicts - Flemish vs. Walloon • Rohonc Codex - Hungarian Enigma • At the Cinema - Il Comandante e la Cicogna - Garibaldi's Lovers • Where Are You? • Words in Your Mouth - Sausage • Book Look • GlobTech - Using Locale
Letter From The Editor - Globalization • Speaking with Aliens • Celebrations - Esala Perahera - The Festival of the Tooth • Language Conflicts - Bokmål vs. Nynorsk • At the Cinema - Pane e Tulipani - Bread and Tulips • Revisited - Words Which Have Changed Their Meaning • Languages in Peril - Keeping Up With The Kartvelians • Where Are You? • Sections - Reviews • Word on the Streets - Indonesian Innovators • GlobTech - Google Translate Section
Letter From The Editor - The Highlander Condition • When Languages Meet • At the Cinema - Mal Día Para Pescar - Bad Day to Go Fishing • Celebrations - Tanabata - The Star Festival • Languages in Peril - The Romanian Relatives • Revisited - Words Made By Great Writers • Where Are You? • Language Learning Methods - Immersion • Sections - Links
Letter From The Editor - Price of Fame • Liber Linteus - Mummified Language • Pencak Silat • At the Cinema - Bombay • Celebrations - Inti Raymi - Festival of the Sun • Cracking the Code • Languages in Peril - The Chibchan Family • Revisited - Words From The Names Of Animals • Word on the Streets - Great German Authors • Where Are You? • Language Learning Methods - Internet • Sections - Neighborhood
Letter From The Editor - Why Polynesian? • Rongorongo - Island Chants • Otto Dempwolff - Islands of Language • At the Cinema - Whale Rider • Celebrations - Pasifika Festival • Special Feature - Avoiuli • Languages in Peril - The Island Invasion • Revisited - Legends of Maui - Maui's Home • Word on the Streets - Malay Masters • Where Are You? • Revisited - Legends of Maui - Maui Snaring the Sun
Letter From The Editor - Linguist or Polyglot • The Phaistos Disc - Puzzle of Crete • Otto Jespersen - Progress of Language • At the Cinema - Kukushka - The Cuckoo • Celebrations - Carnival • Languages in Peril - The Salish Tragedy • Word on the Streets - Kannada Writers • Where Are You? • Revisited - Stories In The Names Of Places • New Souls • Language Learning Methods - Software • Sections - Parleremo YouTube
Letter From The Editor - Freaking Out • The Voynich Script - Cryptic Codex • Benjamin Whorf - Relativity of Language • At the Cinema - Lost in Translation • Languages in Peril - The Polish Connection • Word on the Streets - Romanian Poets • Where Are You? • Celebrations - Holi • A Language Dream • Revisited - Words From National Character • Language Learning Methods - Classes • Sections - Language Exchange
Letter From The Editor - Truth in Advertising • Linear A & Linear B - Lost Minoan • Edward Sapir - Patterns of Language • At the Cinema - Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner • Word on the Streets - Norwegian Notables • Where Are You? • Celebrations - Valentine's Day • Languages in Peril - The Rhaeto-Romance Trio • Revisited - Proverbs • Linguistics Love Song • Language Learning Methods - Books • Sections - Recordings
Letter From The Editor - A New Parrot Time • The Rosetta Stone - Triple Cypher • Ferdinand de Saussure - Signs of Language • At the Cinema - L'auberge Espagnole • Languages in Peril - The Finno-Ugrics • Word on the Streets - The Russian Zone • Where Are You? • Celebrations - Day of the Dead • Revisited - Slang • We Are The Linguists • Language Learning Methods - Audio • Sections - Journals
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